Never heard of Lodz?
Lodz is located in the heart of Poland at a crossing point of major European routes. Lodz is only 125 km away from Warsaw – the capital of Poland. It is the third biggest city in Poland (after Warsaw and Kraków). From then until the 18th century the town remained a small settlement on a trade route between Masovia and Silesia. In the 16th century the town had fewer than 800 inhabitants, mostly working on the nearby grain farms. By 1850 Lodz became the second biggest city in Poland (after Warsaw). While in 1815 it has just 1,000 inhabitants in 1915 it grew to 600,000. It was the fastest growing cities in Europe. Current population of Lodz is approximately 720,000.
Lodz is famous for many things, including Piotrkowska Street – the main high-street and tourist attraction. This is one of the longest commercial streets in the world.
City of… four cultures
Lodz combines history with modernity, tradition with rich cultural and social life. In the past Lodz, which in 1423 was granted civil rights, was one of the biggest textile industry empires. During the 19th century it became known in Europe as a “promised land” and “a city of many cultures”. At the beginning of the 19th century, Lodz was influenced by four cultures which transformed Lodz into a melting pot of different cultures and languages. The Polish, Jewish, German and Russian inhabitants contributed to the rich and diverse cultural background of the city that the University of Lodz strives to sustain.
City of … festivals
Every year dozens of cultural events are held in Lodz. Concerts, film, music and theatre festivals attract more and more outstanding guests and tourists. The events worth recommending are:
- Lodz Design (www.lodzdesign.com)
- Festival – Lodz of Four Cultures (www.4kultury.pl)
- Explorers Festival (www.festiwalgor.pl)
- Lodz Biennale (www.biennalelodz.pl)
- Fotofestival (www.fotofestiwal.com)
- International Festival of Comics (www.komiksfestiwal.com)
- Film Music Festival (www.kinomuzeum.pl)
- International Triennial of Tapestry (www.muzeumwlokiennictwa.pl)
- Se-ma-for – Film Festival (www.se-ma-for.org)
- Fashion Week (www.fashionweek.pl)
City of… cinema
Lodz is the cradle of Polish cinematography and is famous for its film traditions. The Polish National Film, Television and Theatre School is invariably one of the best film schools in Europe. The most known graduates are: Krzysztof Kieślowski, Roman Polański, Krzysztof Zanussi, Jerzy Skolimowski and Andrzej Wajda. Just like on Hollywood Boulevard, one can find the Walk of Fame on Piotrkowska Street in Lodz. Moreover, you can learn the history of Polish cinematography in the Museum of Cinematography, the only one of its kind in Poland.
City of… a night life
The city’s night life is concentrated predominantly along Piotrkowska Street in the centre of town. Here are more than 100 pubs, restaurants, clubs, discos and cafes. Łódź Kaliska (founded by art students), Lizard King (for rock fans), Czekolada (popular with university students), Piwoteka (serving more than 140 brands of beer), Irish Pub, Klub Siódemki, Biblioteka, Bagdad Cafe and Rolling Stone are among the most popular. Enthusiasts of Eurodance rhythms are welcome to party all night long at the Lordi’s, Kokoo, and Bedroom discos. Also, don’t forget to see the OFF Piotrkowska, a renovated factory yard packed with trendy hangouts. Average prices are: a glass of beer about $2.50 and dinner for two people about $20-25. Just visit Lodz and turn the night into an exceptional journey!
City of… unique architecture
Tenement houses and great residences, present in Lodz in form of Classicism and Italian Neo-Reneissance, as well as Neo-Baroque, Art Nouveau, Neo-Gothic and Neo-Roman, are now regaining their splendor. The revitalized structures have been transformed into lofts, commercial and entertainment complexes and art centers. Nowadays the complexes of the 19th century industrial age are unique on a European scale. Two of such industrial complexes, erected by a famous textile manufacturer, Karol Scheibler, are situated within the Księży Młyn area. Another complex used to belong to Scheibler’s chief competitor, Izrael Poznański. At present, the old Poznański complex is a shopping, leisure and culture centre called Manufaktura.
How can get to Lodz?